Embossed and engraved items are often an excellent way to create branding and identity. The most important documents and products can have these for brands, for corporations, for private individuals of good standing in the community, and others like them. The thing here is to make designs stand out with textural attraction, and processes here are related to woodcut printing and sculpture.
These processes however are truly modern, created with the means of machines and mechanical systems. Brass embossing engraving is done on brass plates or pieces which may be used on doors, entrances and other visible places in and on a structure. These could be relevant to organizational or family identifications, badges and signs.
The one basic item required is the brass, an early combination of copper and tin, which was found to be more malleable and durable. Copper was too weak for weapons and tin was even weaker, but both had excellent qualities that are connected to their being soft enough to shape and size and cut. But the resulting items could not retain their shapes for long or withstand much pressure or impact.
Embossing is different than engraving, and it can be a design that is raised of a surface. It could also be done the other way, recessed and stamped into things like paper, wood and stone. The surfaces it is done one need to be soft enough to have it, and items other than the ones just mentioned could include wax, clay, ceramics and like stuff.
As mentioned, both are related to things like sculpture and woodcuts, and these evolved out of the need to make prints. The earlier printing processes relied on these methods to make clear designs on paper and books. Metals could also be embossed, but it is a more modern thing which requires the metals to be processed.
The early industrial age saw these patterns being stamped onto hot and softened metallic surfaces. Stamping is done for embossing or engraving. But engraves usually involve more things like cutting and shaving off surfaces, creating curves and edges. This is for the sculpture like process which is often translated into machine ones.
Thus precision machines that are digitally controlled, today offer the most amazing kinds of engraves available. The process is also related to machining, and in fact many if not all the machines used for engraves are lathes, cutters and the like. The things done on metals are the most popular ones, except perhaps for embossed stationery or engraved ones.
Metals that are done these ways could be badges for policemen and other figures of authority or in the military services. Engraved items can really be attractive and thus might be marketed as home decorations that are inexpensive. The processes here are really versatile in the sense of how they have been used through history.
Historically speaking, these are items that have become traditional to some cultures or parts of industry. The genteel commerce of stationaries for instance uses them to great effect. They can also make greeting cards, personal cards, and the like with these methods.